Fluoride is a naturally occurring mineral found in many foods and water. Each day, minerals are lost and added to the enamel layer of the tooth through two processes known as remineralization and demineralization. The enamel layer of the tooth loses minerals when acids formed by sugars and plaque bacteria in the mouth attack the enamel. Minerals such as calcium, fluoride, and phosphate are redeposited to the enamel when we consume food and water. Tooth decay happens as a consequence of demineralization without enough remineralization. Fluoride prevents tooth decay by improving the tooth’s resistance to acid attacks which come from sugars and plaque in the mouth. Fluoride thus helps to reverse tooth decay. Fluoride is included in the development of permanent teeth in children who are under six, which makes it difficult for the acids to demineralize the teeth. Fluoride also assists in quickening the process of remineralization and reducing the production of acid in teeth that have already erupted in both adults and children.
Fluoride may be used right to the teeth through fluoridated toothpaste and mouth rinses. Mouth rinses that have fluoride in lower levels can be bought over the counter. If one requires a more powerful concentration; they have to get a prescription from a dentist. A dentist can also apply fluoride in their office as a foam, gel or varnish. These therapies have a greater level of fluoride than that present in mouth rinses and toothpaste. Additionally, there are fluoride supplements which are available in tablet or liquid form and the pediatrician, dentist or family doctor has to prescribe them.
It is important that babies and children who are between six months and sixteen years are exposed to fluoride. In this time period, the permanent and primary teeth grow. However, adults also benefit from fluoride. New studies have shown that topical fluoride that’s found in fluoride treatments, mouth rinses, and toothpaste are as important in strengthening growing teeth as in fighting tooth decay. There are those who have a greater risk of experiencing tooth decay who’d benefit a lot from fluoride treatment. They include those with dry mouth circumstances, people with gum disease also called periodontitis, those with a history of cavities that occur often and those that have crowns or braces.
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Fluoride is safe and effective when used as instructed by the dentist but it might be harmful if consumed in high doses which are at toxic levels. Because of this, It’s vital that parents manage how their children use products that have fluoride. They ought to take precautions to keep fluoride products from the reach of their kids, particularly those that are under sixteen. More to this, excess fluoride may lead to defects in the tooth’s enamel.A Brief Rundown of Services